Mouse Epiregulin HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Mouse Epiregulin overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Epiregulin protein (Cat: 50599-M01H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the mature form of mouse EREG (Q61521) (Val 56-Leu 101) was fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the N-terminus.
The recombinant mouse EREG/Fc is a disulfide-linked homodimeric protein. The reduced monomer consists of 306 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 33.8 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rmEREG/Fc monomer is approximately 37 kDa.
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Epiregulin (EREG) is a member of the epidermal growth factor family. Epiregulin (EREG) can function as a ligand of EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor), as well as a ligand of most members of the ERBB (v-erb-b2 oncogene homolog) family of tyrosine-kinase receptors. Epiregulin (EREG) exhibit bifunctional regulatory properties: it inhibit the growth of several epithelial tumor cells and stimulated the growth of fibroblasts and various other types of cells. Epiregulin (EREG) bound to the EGF receptors of epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells much more weakly than did EGF, but was nevertheless much more potent than EGF as a mitogen for rat primary hepatocytes and Balb/c 3T3 A31 fibroblasts. These findings suggest that epiregulin (EREG) plays important roles in regulating the growth of epithelial cells and fibroblasts by binding to receptors for EGF-related ligands. Epiregulin (EREG) is the broadest specificity EGF-like ligand so far characterized: not only does it stimulate homodimers of both ErbB-1 and ErbB-4, it also activates all possible heterodimeric ErbB complexes.
Shelly M, et al. (1998) Epiregulin is a potent pan-ErbB ligand that preferentially activates heterodimeric receptor complexes. J Biol Chem. 1998 Apr 24;273(17):10496-505.
Shirakata Y, et al. (2000) Epiregulin, a novel member of the epidermal growth factor family, is an autocrine growth factor in normal human keratinocytes. J Biol Chem. 275(8): 5748-53.
Zhu Z, et al. (2000) Epiregulin is Up-regulated in pancreatic cancer and stimulates pancreatic cancer cell growth. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 273(3): 1019-24.
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