Human XPNPEP2 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human XPNPEP2 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of XPNPEP2 protein (Cat: 11903-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human XPNPEP2 (O43895) (Met 1-Ala 650) without the pro peptide was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
The recombinant human XPNPEP2 consists of 640 amino acids and predictes a molecular mass of 72 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rh XPNPEP2 is approximately 80 kDa due to glycosylation.
Human XPNPEP2 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human XPNPEP2 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human AEACEI Overexpression Lysate; Human APP2 Overexpression Lysate
XPNPEP2 Background Information
Aminopeptidase P (APP) is a hydrolase specific for N-terminal imido bonds, which are common to several collagen degradation products, neuropeptides, vasoactive peptides, and cytokines. A membrane-bound and soluble form of this enzyme (XPNPEP2) have been identified as products of two separate genes. XPNPEP2, the X-linked gene that encodes membranous aminopeptidase P (APP), has been reported to associate with APP activity. The membrane aminopeptidase P (XPNPEP2) is largely limited in distribution to endothelia and brush border epithelia. APP and XPNPEP2 contain homologous blocks of sequence common to members of the "pita bread-fold" protein family, of which Escherichia coli methionine aminopeptidase is the prototype. The C-2399A variant in XPNPEP2 is associated with reduced APP activity and a higher incidence of AE-ACEi. XPNPEP2 mRNA was detected in fibroblasts that carry the translocation, suggesting that this gene at least partially escapes X inactivation. XPNPEP2 is a candidate gene for premature ovarian failure (POF).
Sprinkle TJ, et al. (2000) Cloning, chromosomal sublocalization of the human soluble aminopeptidase P gene (XPNPEP1) to 10q25.3 and conservation of the putative proton shuttle and metal ligand binding sites with XPNPEP2. Arch Biochem Biophys. 378(1): 51-6.
Prueitt RL, et al. (2000) Physical mapping of nine Xq translocation breakpoints and identification of XPNPEP2 as a premature ovarian failure candidate gene. Cytogenet Cell Genet. 89(1-2): 44-50.
Duan QL, et al. (2005) A variant in XPNPEP2 is associated with angioedema induced by angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitors. Am J Hum Genet. 77(4): 617-26.
Woodard-Grice AV, et al. (2010) Sex-dependent and race-dependent association of XPNPEP2 C-2399A polymorphism with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-associated angioedema. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 20(9): 532-6.
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