Stromal derived factors (SDFs) are a loosely defined group of molecules that are generated by stromal cells. Two of the stromal derived factors, SDF-1 and SDF-4 belong to the chemokine family. Other SDFs, such as SDF-2 and SDF-5 are not well defined and their biological functions are less known. SDF-2 is first isolated from themousestromal cell lineST2 as asecretory protein. The amino acid sequence deduced from themurineclone and thehumanhomologare conserved more than 92 %, and the aa sequence of SDF-2 shows similarity to those ofyeastdolichyl phosphate-D-mannose, protein mannosyltransferases. SDF-1 and its receptor are strongly indicated in the progression of various cancers including breast cancer. SDF-2, SDF2-L1, SDF-4, and SDF-5 are ubiquitously expressed in various cancer cell lines and SDF-2, SDF-4 and SDF-5 are expressed in mammary tissues. These SDFs have prognostic value and warrant further investigation in their biological functions and clinical value.
stromal cell-derived factor 2
- Kang,H.etal.,2009,Int J Oncol.35(1):205-211.