Human GDNF HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human GDNF overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of GDNF protein (Cat: 10561-HNCH) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the mature form of human GDNF (P39905-2) (Arg 83-Ile 185) was expressed and purified, with additional two aa (Gly& Pro) at the N-terminus.
The recombinant human GDNF consists of 105 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 15.1 KDa. It migrates as approximately 18 KDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human GDNF HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human GDNF HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human ATF1 Overexpression Lysate; Human ATF2 Overexpression Lysate; Human HFB1-GDNF Overexpression Lysate; Human HSCR3 Overexpression Lysate
GDNF Background Information
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor(GDNF) is an important member of the GDNF family of ligands(GFL). The GDNF family of ligands is comprised by four neurotrophic factors: glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), neurturin (NRTN), artemin (ARTN), and persephin (PSPN). It has been found that GFLs play a role in a number of biological processes including cell survival, neurite outgrowth, cell differentiation and cell migration. As the founding member, GDNF plays a key role in the promotion of the survival of dopaminergic neurons. GDNF is a highly conserved neurotrophic factor. The recombinant form of this protein also promotes the survival and differentiation of dopaminergic neurons in culture, and was able to prevent apoptosis of motor neurons induced by axotomy. GDNF also regulates kidney development and spermatogenesis, and it affects alcohol consumption. It has been shown that GDNF results in two Parkinson's disease clinical trial and in a number of animal trials. It has been taken as a potent survival factor for central motoneurons.
glial cell derived neurotrophic factor
Oppenheim RW, et al. (1995) Developing motor neurons rescued from programmed and axotomy-induced cell death by GDNF. Nature. 373 (6512): 344-6.
Tomac A, et al. (1995) Protection and repair of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system by GDNF in vivo. Nature. 373 (6512): 335-9.
Schindelhauer D, et al. (1996) The gene coding for glial cell line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) maps to chromosome 5p12-p13.1. Genomics. 28 (3): 605-7.
Carnicella S, et al. (2008) GDNF is a fast-acting potent inhibitor of alcohol consumption and relapse. Proc Natl Acad Sci . 105 (23): 8114-9.
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