Human Fetuin A HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human Fetuin A overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Fetuin A protein (Cat: 10318-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human Fetuin A (NP_001613.2) (Met 1-Val 367) precursor was expressed with a C-terminal polyhistidine tag.
The secreted recombinant human Fetuin A consists of 360 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 38.8 kDa. By SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, rhFetuinA migrates as an approximately 55-60 kDa protein due to glycosylation.
Human Fetuin A HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human Fetuin A HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human A2HS Overexpression Lysate; Human AHS Overexpression Lysate; Human FETUA Overexpression Lysate; Human HSGA Overexpression Lysate
Fetuin A Background Information
Fetuin-A, also known as Alpha-2-HS-Glycoprotein (AHSG), belongs to the Fetuin family, is a plasma binding protein, and is more abundant in fetal than adult blood. It is involved in several functions, such as endocytosis, brain development and the formation of bone tissue. Fetuins are carrier proteins like albumin. Fetuin-A forms soluble complexes with calcium and phosphate and thus is a carrier of otherwise insoluble calcium phosphate. Thus Fetuin-A is a potent inhibitor of pathological calcification. The circulating levels of fetuin-A, a well-described inhibitor of calcification, regulate the cell-dependent process of osteogenesis. The low circulating fetuin-A levels are associated with a greater prevalence and/or severity of Vascular calcification (VC) and increased risk for all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. However, high circulating fetuin-A levels appear to induce insulin resistance and, in non-dialyzed subjects with diabetic nephropathy, are directly related to VC burden. The emerging role of fetuin-A deficiency as a risk factor in dialysis patients was documented in cross-sectional studies demonstrating a significant correlation with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Additionally, Human fetuin-A is a negative acute phase protein involved in inflammatory diseases, thus being a potential physiological regulator of meprin activity. Fetuin-A is a broad-range protease inhibitor. Fetuin-A and cystatin C as endogenous proteolytic regulators of meprin activity broadens our understanding of the proteolytic network in plasma.
Mehrotra R. (2007) Emerging role for fetuin-A as contributor to morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int. 72(2): 137-40.
Westenfeld R, et al. (2007) Vascular calcification and fetuin-A deficiency in chronic kidney disease. Trends Cardiovasc Med. 17(4): 124-8.
Heiss A, et al. (2008). Hierarchical role of fetuin-A and acidic serum proteins in the formation and stabilization of calcium phosphate particles. J Biol Chem. 283 (21): 14815-25.
Jahnen-Dechent W, et al. (2008). Mineral chaperones: a role for fetuin-A and osteopontin in the inhibition and regression of pathologic calcification. J Mol Med. 86 (4): 379-89.
Hedrich J, et al. (2010) Fetuin-A and cystatin C are endogenous inhibitors of human meprin metalloproteases. Biochemistry. 49(39): 8599-607.
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