Human FAM3B HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human FAM3B overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of FAM3B protein (Cat: 11338-H02H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human FAM3B isoform B (P58499-1) (Met 1-Ser 235) was fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the C-terminus.
The secreted recombinant human FAM3B/Fc is a disulfide-linked homodimeric protein. The reduced monomer consists of 447 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 50 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of rhFAM3B/Fc monomer is approximately 57 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human FAM3B HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human FAM3B HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human 42056 Overexpression Lysate; Human C21orf11 Overexpression Lysate; Human C21orf76 Overexpression Lysate; Human ORF9 Overexpression Lysate; Human PANDER Overexpression Lysate; Human PRED44 Overexpression Lysate
FAM3B Background Information
Pancreatic derived factor, also known as FAM3B, is an islet-specific secreted cytokine specifically expressed at high levels in the islets of Langerhans of the endocrine pancreas. FAM3B protein is present in alpha- and beta- cells of pancreatic islets, insulin-secreting beta-TC3 cells, and glucagon-secreting alpha-TC cells. FAM3B causes apoptosis of beta-cells as assessed by electron microscopy, annexin Ⅴ fluorescent staining, and flow-cytometric terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling assay. FAM3B activated caspase-3 while not affect cytosolic Ca2+ levels or nitric oxide levels. Hense, FAM3B may have a role in the process of pancreatic?-cell apoptosis of primary islet and cell lines. FAM3B secretion is regulated by glucose and other insulin secretagogues. This islet-specific secreted cytokine is secreted from both pancreatic alpha- and beta- cells. Glucose stimulates FAM3B secretion dose dependently in beta- cell lines and primary islets but not in alpha-cells. It is likely cosecreted with insulin via the same regulatory mechanisms and structure and conformation is vital for FAM3B secretion.
family with sequence similarity 3, member B
Cao X, et al. (2003) Pancreatic-derived factor (FAM3B), a novel islet cytokine, induces apoptosis of insulin-secreting beta-cells. Diabetes. 52(9): 2296-303.
Yang J, et al. (2005) Mechanisms of glucose-induced secretion of pancreatic-derived factor (PANDER or FAM3B) in pancreatic beta-cells. Diabetes. 54(11): 3217-28.
Xu W, et al. (2005) Interferon-gamma-induced regulation of the pancreatic derived cytokine FAM3B in islets and insulin-secreting betaTC3 cells. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 240(1-2): 74-81.
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