Human DMP1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human DMP1 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of DMP1 protein (Cat: 11929-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human DMP1 (Q13316-1) (Met 1-Tyr 513) was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
The recombinant human DMP1 consists of 508 amino acids and predictes a molecular mass of 55.4 kDa. In SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions, the apparent molecular mass of rhDMP1 is approximately 53 kDa.
Human DMP1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human DMP1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human ARHP Overexpression Lysate; Human ARHR Overexpression Lysate; Human DMP-1 Overexpression Lysate
DMP1 Background Information
Dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein (DMP1) is an extracellular matrix protein and a member of the small integrin binding ligand N-linked glycoprotein family. This protein, which is critical for proper mineralization of bone and dentin, is present in diverse cells of bone and tooth tissues. DMP1 contains a large number of acidic domains, multiple phosphorylation sites, a functional arg-gly-asp cell attachment sequence, and a DNA binding domain. In undifferentiated osteoblasts it is primarily a nuclear protein that regulates the expression of osteoblast-specific genes. During osteoblast maturation, DMP1 becomes phosphorylated and is exported to the extracellular matrix, where it orchestrates mineralized matrix formation. Mutations in DMP1 are known to cause autosomal recessive hypophosphatemia, a disease that manifests as rickets and osteomalacia. DMP1 may have a dual function during osteoblast differentiation. In the nucleus of undifferentiated osteoblasts, unphosphorylated form acts as a transcriptional component for activation of osteoblast-specific genes like osteocalcin. During the osteoblast to osteocyte transition phase it is phosphorylated and exported into the extracellular matrix, where it regulates nucleation of hydroxyapatite.
dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1
Aplin HM, et al. (1996) Mapping of the human dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein gene (DMP1) to the dentinogenesis imperfecta type II critical region at chromosome 4q21. Genomics. 30 (2): 347-9.
Hirst KL, et al. (1997) Elucidation of the sequence and the genomic organization of the human dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1 (DMP1) gene: exclusion of the locus from a causative role in the pathogenesis of dentinogenesis imperfecta type II. Genomics. 42 (1): 38-45.
Chen S, et al. (2005) Binding of two nuclear factors to a novel silencer element in human dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) promoter regulates the cell type-specific DMP1 gene expression. J Cell Biochem. 92 (2): 332-49.
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