Human DKKL1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human DKKL1 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of DKKL1 protein (Cat: 10840-H01H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the secreted form of human DKKL1 (Q9UK85) (Ala 31-Leu 242) was expressed with the fused Fc region of human IgG1 at the N-terminus.
The recombinant human DKKL1/Fc chimera is a disulfide-linked homodimeric protein. The reduced monomer consists of 472 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 52.4 kDa. rhDKKL1/Fc monomer migrates as an approximately 60 kDa protein in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human DKKL1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human DKKL1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human CT34 Overexpression Lysate; Human SGY Overexpression Lysate; Human SGY-1 Overexpression Lysate; Human SGY1 Overexpression Lysate
DKKL1 Background Information
Dickkopf-like 1 (DKKL1) or soggy 1, is a glycoprotein unique to mammals that is expressed primarily in developing spermatocytes and localized in the acrosome of mature sperm. It is also expressed in the trophectoderm / placental lineage. This glycoprotein is secreted by postmeiotic male germ cells. DKKL1 is a member of the Dickkopf (DKK) family, a group of proteins that are characterized as secreted antagonists of Wnt signal transduction proteins. In mammals, embryos lacking DKKL1 protein developed into viable, fertile adults. DKKL1, either directly or indirectly, facilitates the ability of sperm to penetrate the zona pellucid. DKKL1 is related to the sperm apoptotic procession. Molecular analyses identified the Fas death ligand (FasL) as a target for DkkL1 pro-apoptotic activity in adult mice. DKKL1 is considered as a negative regulator of adult testic homeostasis and identifies a novel, DKKL1 / FasL- dependent, regulation that specifically controls the number of postpubertal spermatocytes.
Niehrs C. (2006) Function and biological roles of the Dickkopf family of Wnt modulators. Oncogene. 25 (57): 7469-81.
Kohn MJ, et al. (2010) The Acrosomal Protein Dickkopf-Like 1 (DKKL1) Facilitates Sperm Penetration Of The Zona Pellucida. Fertil Steril. 93 (5): 1533-7.
KOHN MJ, et al. (2005) DKKL1 (Soggy), A Dickkopf Family Member, Localizes to the Acrosome During Mammalian Spermatogenesis. Mol Reprod Dev. 71 (4): 516-22.
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