Human CD9 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human CD9 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of CD9 protein (Cat: 11029-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the second extracellular domain (Ser 112-Ile 195) of human CD9 (NP_001760.1) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus and a signal peptide at the N-terminus.
The recombinant human CD9 consists of 95 amino acids and predictes a molecular mass of 11 kDa as estimated in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human CD9 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human CD9 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human BTCC-1 Overexpression Lysate; Human DRAP-27 Overexpression Lysate; Human MIC3 Overexpression Lysate; Human MRP-1 Overexpression Lysate; Human TSPAN-29 Overexpression Lysate; Human TSPAN29 Overexpression Lysate
CD9 Background Information
The cluster of differentiation (CD) system is commonly used as cell markers in immunophynotyping. Different kinds of cells in the immune system can be identified through the surface CD molecules which associating with the immune function of the cell. There are more than 32 CD unique clusters and subclusters have been identified. Some of the CD molecules serve as receptors or ligands important to the cell through initiating a signal cascade which then alter the behavior of the cell. Some CD proteins do not take part in cell signal process but have other functions such as cell adhesion. CD9 is a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily, which is also known as the tetraspanin family. CD9 is a cell surface glycoprotein with 4 hydrophobic domains that is described to complex with integrins and other transmembrane 4 superfamily members. It is found expressed on the surface of the exosomes. The protein takes part in cellular signal transduction events and thus play a role in the regulation of cell development and activation, growth and motility. Besides, CD9 seems to be a key role in the egg-sperm fusion during the mammalian fertilization processes. CD9 is found on the membrane of the oocytes and also appears to intervene in maintaining the normal shape of oocyte microvilli.
Zola H, et al. (2007) CD molecules 2006-human cell differentiation molecules. J Immunol Methods. 318 (1-2): 1-5.
Ho IC, et al. (2009) GATA3 and the T-cell lineage: essential functions before and after T-helper-2-cell differentiation. Nat Rev Immunol. 9 (2): 125-35.
Matesanz-Isabel J, et al. (2011) New B-cell CD molecules. Immunology Letters.134 (2): 104-12
Franois Le Naour, et al. (2000) Severely Reduced Female Fertility in CD9-Deficient Mice. Science. 287(5451): 319-21.
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