Human CD1B HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human CD1B overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of CD1B protein (Cat: 11831-H02H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human CD1B (NP_001755) (Met1-Ser 303) was expressed, fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 at the C-terminus.
The recombinant human CD1B /Fc is a disulfide-linked homodimer. The reduced monomer comprises 527 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 58.6 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of the protein is approximately 59-69 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human CD1B HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human CD1B HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human CD1 Overexpression Lysate; Human CD1A Overexpression Lysate; Human CD1B Overexpression Lysate; Human R1 Overexpression Lysate
CD1B Background Information
CD1B contains 1 Ig-like (immunoglobulin-like) domain and belongs to the CD1 family. CD1 family members are transmembrane glycoproteins, which are structurally related to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins and form heterodimers with beta-2-microglobulin. During protein synthesis and maturation, they bind endogenous lipids that are replaced by lipid or glycolipid antigens when the proteins are internalized and pass through endosomes, before trafficking back to the cell surface. CD1B localizes to late endosomes and lysosomes via a tyrosine-based motif in the cytoplasmic tail, and requires vesicular acidification to bind lipid antigens.. It is expressed on cortical thymocytes, epidermal Langerhans cells, dendritic cells, on certain T-cell leukemias, and in various other tissues. CD1B is an antigen-presenting protein that binds self and non-self lipid and glycolipid antigens and presents them to T-cell receptors on natural killer T-cells.
Coventry B, et al. (2004) CD1a in human cancers: a new role for an old molecule. Trends Immunol. 25 (5):242-8.
Martin LH, et al. (1988) Structure and expression of the human thymocyte antigens CD1a, CD1b, and CD1c. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 84(24):9189-93.
Aruffo A, et al. (1989) Expression of cDNA clones encoding the thymocyte antigens CD1a, b, c demonstrates a hierarchy of exclusion in fibroblasts. J Immunol. 143(5):1723-30.
Longley J, et al. (1989) Molecular cloning of CD1a (T6), a human epidermal dendritic cell marker related to class I MHC molecules. J Invest Dermatol. 92(4):628-31.
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