Human BACE1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate

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Human BACE1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information

Product Description
This Human BACE1 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of BACE1 protein (Cat: 10064-HCCH) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
Expression Host
HEK293 Cells
Species
Human
Sequence Information
The mature form of human BACE1 (NP_036236.1) extracellular domain (Met1-Thr 457) with a quinary-aa peptide (DDDDK) at the C-terminus was expressed and purified.
Molecule Mass
The recombinant human BACE1 consists of 442 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 49 kDa. As a result of glycosylation, the rhBACE1 migrates as an approximately 65 kDa protein in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.

Human BACE1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide

Preparation Method
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer
Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Recommend Usage
1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
Sample Buffer
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Application
Western Blot (WB)
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Human BACE1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names

Human ASP2 Overexpression Lysate; Human BACE Overexpression Lysate; Human HSPC104 Overexpression Lysate

BACE1 Background Information

Beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is an aspartic-acid protease important in the formation of myelin sheaths in peripheral nerve cells. In the brain, This protein is expressed highly in the substantia nigra, locus coruleus and medulla oblongata. Strong BACE1 expression has also been described in pancreatic tissue. BACE1 has a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. In Alzheimer's disease patients, BACE1 levels were elevated although mRNA levels were not changed. It has been found that BACE1 gene expression is controlled by a TATA-less promoter. The translational repression as a new mechanism controlling its expression. And the low concentrations of Ca(2+) (microM range) significantly increased the proteolytic activity of BACE1. Furthermore, BACE1 protein is ubiquitinated, and the degradation of BACE1 proteins and amyloid precursor protein processing are regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. It has also been identified as the rate limiting enzyme for amyloid-beta-peptide (Abeta) production.
Full Name
beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1
References
  • Christensen MA, et al. (2004) Transcriptional regulation of BACE1, the beta-amyloid precursor protein beta-secretase, by Sp1. Mol Cell Biol. 24(2):865-74.
  • Stockley JH, et al. (2007) The proteins BACE1 and BACE2 and beta-secretase activity in normal and Alzheimer's disease brain. Biochem Soc Trans. 35(Pt 3): 574-6.
  • Savonenko AV, et al. (2008) Alteration of BACE1-dependent NRG1/ErbB4 signaling and schizophrenia-like phenotypes in BACE1-null mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 105(14): 5585-90.
  • Hayley M, et al. (2009) Calcium enhances the proteolytic activity of BACE1: An in vitro biophysical and biochemical characterization of the BACE1-calcium interaction. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1788(9): 1933-8.
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