Human Beta-2 microglobulin HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human Beta-2 microglobulin overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Beta-2 microglobulin protein (Cat: 11976-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human B2M (NP_004039.1) (Met 1-Met 119) was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
The recombinant human B2M consists of 110 amino acids and migrates as an approximately 13.5 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions as predicted.
Human Beta-2 microglobulin HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human Beta-2 microglobulin HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human Beta-2 microglobulin Overexpression Lysate
Beta-2 microglobulin Background Information
B2M, also known as β2-Microglobulin or CDABP92, is a component of MHC class I molecules found expression in all nucleated cells (excludes red blood cells). The major function of MHC class I moleculesis is to display fragments of proteins from within the cell to T-cells and cells containing foreign proteins will be attacked. B2M(β2-Microglobulin) is a low molecular weight protein. It was demonstrated that B2M(β2-Microglobulin) was localized in the membranes of nucleated cells and was found to be associated with HL-A antigens.B2M(β2- Microglobulin) is present in free form in various body fluids and as a subunit of histocompatibility antigens on cell surfaces lateral to theα3 chain. Unlikeα3, β2 has no transmembrane region. Directly above β2 lies the α1 chain, which itself is lateral to the α2. In the absence of B2M(β2 microglobulin), very limited amounts of MHC class I (classical and non-classical) molecules can be detected on the surface. In the absence of MHC class I, CD8 T cells, a subset of T cells involved in the development of acquired immunity cannot develop. Low levels of B2M(β2 microglobulin) can indicate non-progression of HIV.
Poulik MD, et al. (1979) Beta 2-Microglobulin: methods and clinical applications. CRC Ctit Rev Clin Lab Sci. 10(3): 225-45.
Poulik MD, et al. (1975) Beta2-Microglobulins. Contemp Top Mol Immunol. 4: 157-204.
Berggard I. (1976) Beta2-Microglobulins: isolation, properties, and distribution. Fed Proc. 35(5): 1167-70.
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