BACE2, also known as beta secretase 2, belongs to the peptidase A1 family. It is a protease known to be an important enzyme involved in the cellular pathways. BACE2 has been shown to interact with GGA1 and GGA2. It is the major β-secretase in vivo. BACE2 is located on chromosome 21 and may play a role in alzheimer's disease pathogenesis in down syndrome(DS). Overexpression of BACE2 by lentivirus markedly reduced amyloid β protein production in primary neurons. Despite an extra copy of the BACE2 gene in DS and the increase of its transcription, BACE2 protein levels are unchanged.