ACVR2A and ACVR2B are two activin type II receptors. ACVR2A has been shown to interact with INHBA, SYNJ2BP and ACVR1B. The bovine ACVR2A gene encodes a protein of 513 amino acids which is highly homologous (approximately 98% identity) to the rat, mouse, and human ACVR2A proteins. Inactivation of ACVR2A is a common event in prostate cancer cells suggesting it may play an important role in the development of prostate cancer. The ACVR2A gene is a putative tumor suppressor gene that is frequently mutated in microsatellite-unstable colon cancers (MSI-H colon cancers). Frameshift mutation of ACVR2A may contribute to MSI-H colon tumorigenesis via disruption of alternate TGF-beta effector pathways.
activin A receptor, type IIA
Albertson RC, et al. (2005) Zebrafish acvr2a and acvr2b exhibit distinct roles in craniofacial development. Developmental dynamics 233(4): 1405-18.
Chung H, et al. (2008) Mutation rates of TGFBR2 and ACVR2 coding microsatellites in human cells with defective DNA mismatch repair. PloS one 3(10): e3463.
Fitzpatrick E, et al. (2009) Genetic association of the activin A receptor gene (ACVR2A) and pre-eclampsia. Molecular human reproduction 15(3):195-204.
Roten LT, et al. (2009) Association between the candidate susceptibility gene ACVR2A on chromosome 2q22 and pre-eclampsia in a large Norwegian population-based study (the HUNT study). EJHG. 17(2): 250-7.
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