Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH or G3PDH) is an enzyme of about 37kDa that is consisdered as a cellular enzyme involved in glycolysis. It catelyzes the sixth step of glycolysis. Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) is a pleiotropic enzyme that is overexpressed in apoptosis and in several human chronic pathologies. Its role as a mediator for cell death has also been highlighted. A recent report suggests that GAPDH may be genetically associated with late-onset of Alzheimer's disease. Besides, deprenyl, which has originally been used as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor for Parkinson's disease, binds to GAPDH and displays neuroprotective actions.
Hara MR, et al. (2006) Neuroprotection by pharmacologic blockade of the GAPDH death cascade. PNA. 103 (10): 3887-9.
Hara MR, et al. (2006) GAPDH as a sensor of NO stress.Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease. 1762 (5): 502-9.
Tarze A, et al. (2007) GAPDH, a novel regulator of the pro-apoptotic mitochondrial membrane permeabilizationGAPDH and apoptosis. Oncogene. 26: 2606-20.
Yi MK, et al. (2000) Functional Significance of the Interaction of Hepatitis A Virus RNA with Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (GAPDH): Opposing Effects of GAPDH and Polypyrimidine Tract Binding Protein on Internal Ribosome Entry Site Function. Journal of Virology. 74 (14) : 6459-68.
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