SIGIRR (Protein | Antibody | cDNA Clone | ELISA Kit)

All SIGIRR reagents are produced in house and quality controlled, including 6 SIGIRR Antibody, 39 SIGIRR Gene, 3 SIGIRR Lysate, 3 SIGIRR Protein, 2 SIGIRR qPCR. All SIGIRR reagents are ready to use.

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SIGIRR Background

Single Ig IL-1-related receptor (SIGIRR) or TIR8 is a member of Toll-like receptor-interleukin 1 receptor signaling (TLR-IL-1R) receptor superfamily. Although SIGIRR/TIR8 shows the typical conserved motifs that characterize the IL-1R and Toll superfamily, it is structurally and functionally distinct from both. SIGIRR/TIR8 has only one Ig domain in its extracellular portion whereas the IL-1R family contains three Ig folds. An unusually long cytoplasmic domain is reminiscent of the structure of drosophila Toll, yet the SIGIRR peptide sequence is more closely related to IL-1RI. SIGIRR/TIR8 was mainly expressed in mouse and human epithelial tissues such as kidney, lung and gut. Resting and activated T and B lymphocytes and monocytes-macrophages expressed little or no SIGIRR/TIR8, with the exception of the mouse GG2EE macrophage line. Inflammation is enhanced in SIGIRR-deficient mice. SIGIRR negatively modulates immune responses. Inflammation is enhanced in SIGIRR-deficient mice, as shown by their enhanced chemokine induction after IL-1 injection and reduced threshold for lethal endotoxin challenge.

SIGIRR References

  • Wald D, et al. (2003) SIGIRR, a negative regulator of Toll-like receptor-interleukin 1 receptor signaling. Nat Immunol. 4(9): 920-7.
  • Polentarutti N, et al. (2003) Unique pattern of expression and inhibition of IL-1 signaling by the IL-1 receptor family member TIR8/SIGIRR. Eur Cytokine Netw. 14(4): 211-8.
  • Wald D, et al. (2003) SIGIRR, a negative regulator of Toll-like receptor-interleukin 1 receptor signaling. Nat Immunol. 4(9): 920-7.