Human DLL4 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate

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Human DLL4 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information

Product Description
This Human DLL4 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of DLL4 protein (Cat: 10171-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
Expression Host
HEK293 Cells
Species
Human
Sequence Information
A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain (Met 1-Pro 524) of human DLL4 (NP_061947.1) pro-protein was expressed, with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Molecule Mass
The recombinant human DLL4 consists of 509 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 55.7 kDa. As a result of glycosylation, the apparent molecular mass of rhDLL4 is approximately 55-70 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.

Human DLL4 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide

Preparation Method
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer
Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Recommend Usage
1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
Sample Buffer
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Application
Western Blot (WB)
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Human DLL4 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names

Human Delta-like 4 Overexpression Lysate; Human hdelta2 Overexpression Lysate

DLL4 Background Information

Delta-like protein 4 (DLL4, Delta4), a type I membrane-bound Notch ligand, is one of five known Notch ligands in mammals and interacts predominantly with Notch 1, which has a key role in vascular development. Recent studies yield substantial insights into the role of DLL4 in angiogenesis. DLL4 is induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and acts downstream of VEGF as a 'brake' on VEGF-induced vessel growth, forming an autoregulatory negative feedback loop inactivating VEGF. DLL4 is downstream of VEGF signaling and its activation triggers a negative feedback that restrains the effects of VEGF. Attenuation of DLL4/Notch signaling results in chaotic vascular network with excessive branching and sprouting. DLL4 is widely distributed in tissues other than vessels including many malignancies. Furthermore, the molecule is internalized on binding its receptor and often transported to the nucleus. In pathological conditions, such as cancer, DLL4 is up-regulated strongly in the tumour vasculature. Blockade of DLL4-mediated Notch signaling strikingly increases nonproductive angiogenesis, but significantly inhibits tumor growth in preclinical mouse models. In preclinical studies, blocking of DLL4/Notch signaling is associated with a paradoxical increase in tumor vessel density, yet causes marked growth inhibition due to functionally defective vasculature. Thus, DLL4 blockade holds promise as an additional strategy for angiogenesis-based cancer therapy.
Full Name
delta-like 4 (Drosophila)
References
  • Yan M, et al. (2007) Delta-like 4/Notch signaling and its therapeutic implications. Clin Cancer Res. 13(24): 7243-6.
  • Sainson RC, et al. (2007) Anti-Dll4 therapy: can we block tumour growth by increasing angiogenesis? Trends Mol Med. 13(9): 389-95.
  • Martinez JC, et al. (2009) Nuclear and membrane expression of the angiogenesis regulator delta-like ligand 4 (DLL4) in normal and malignant human tissues. Histopathology. 54(5): 598-606.
  • Li JL, et al. (2010) Targeting DLL4 in tumors shows preclinical activity but potentially significant toxicity. Future Oncol. 6(7): 1099-103.
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