Human VCAM1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate

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Human VCAM1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information

Product Description
This Human VCAM1 overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of VCAM1 protein (Cat: 10113-H08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
Expression Host
HEK293 Cells
Species
Human
Sequence Information
A DNA sequence encoding the extracellular domain of human VCAM1 (NP_001069.1) (Met 1-Pro 697) was fused with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Molecule Mass
The recombinant human VCAM1 consists of 684 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 76 kDa. As a result of glycosylation, rhVCAM1 migrates as an approximately 110 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.

Human VCAM1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide

Preparation Method
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Lysis Buffer
Modified RIPA Lysis Buffer: 50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Triton X-100, 0.1% SDS, 1% Sodium deoxycholate, 1mM PMSF.
Recommend Usage
1.  Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube. 2.  Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
Sample Buffer
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Application
Western Blot (WB)
Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.

Human VCAM1 HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names

Human CD106 Overexpression Lysate; Human INCAM-100 Overexpression Lysate; Human VCAM-1 Overexpression Lysate

VCAM1 Background Information

Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), also known as CD16, is a cell surface sialoglycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. Two forms of VCAM-1 with either six or seven extracellular Ig-like domains are generated by alternative splicing, with the longer form predominant. VCAM-1 is an endothelial ligand for very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) and α4ß7 integrin expressed on leukocytes, and thus mediates leukocyte-endothelial cell adhesion and signal transduction. VCAM-1 expression is induced on endothelial cells during inflammatory bowel disease, atherosclerosis, allograft rejection, infection, and asthmatic responses. During these responses, VCAM-1 forms a scaffold for leukocyte migration. VCAM-1 also activates signals within endothelial cells resulting in the opening of an "endothelial cell gate" through which leukocytes migrate. VCAM-1 has been identified as a potential anti-inflammatory therapeutic target, the hypothesis being that reduced expression of VCAM-1 will slow the development of atherosclerosis. In addition, VCAM-1-activated signals in endothelial cells are regulated by cytokines indicating that it is important to consider both endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression and function during inflammatory processes.
Full Name
vascular cell adhesion molecule 1
References
  • Cook-Mills JM. (2002) VCAM-1 signals during lymphocyte migration: role of reactive oxygen species. Mol Immunol. 39(9): 499-508.
  • Preiss DJ, et al. (2007) Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1: a viable therapeutic target for atherosclerosis? Int J Clin Pract. 61(4): 697-701.
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