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IL-18 Protein, Human, Recombinant

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IL-18 Protein, Human, Recombinant: Product Information

Purity
> 85 % as determined by SDS-PAGE.
Endotoxin
Please contact us for more information.
Activity
Measured by its ability to induce IFN-gamma secretion by KG‑1 human acute myelogenous leukemia cells in the presence of TNF-alpha. The ED50 for this effect is typically 15-75 ng/ml.
Protein Construction
A DNA sequence encoding the human IL18 (NP_001553.1) (Tyr37-Asp193) was expressed.
Accession#
Expressed Host
E. coli
Species
Human
Predicted N Terminal
Tyr 37
Molecule Mass
The recombinant human IL18 consists 157 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 18.2 kDa.
Formulation
Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4.
Please contact us for any concerns or special requirements.
Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose, mannitol and 0.01% Tween80 are added as protectants before lyophilization.
Please refer to the specific buffer information in the hard copy of CoA.
Shipping
In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
Stability & Storage
Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -20℃ to -80℃
Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Reconstitution
A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.

IL-18 Protein, Human, Recombinant: Images

Measured by its ability to induce IFN-gamma secretion by KG‑1 human acute myelogenous leukemia cells in the presence of TNF-alpha. The ED50 for this effect is typically 15-75 ng/ml.

IL-18 Protein, Human, Recombinant: Alternative Names

IGIF Protein, Human; IL-18 Protein, Human; IL-1g Protein, Human; IL1F4 Protein, Human; Interleukin 18 Protein, Human

IL-18 Background Information

Interleukin-18 (IL-18, also known as interferon-gamma inducing factor) is a proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the IL-1 superfamily and is produced by macrophages and other cells. This cytokine can induce the IFN-gamma production of T cells. The combination of IL-18 and IL12 has been shown to inhibit IL4 dependent IgE and IgG1 production, and enhance IgG2a production of B cells. IL-18 binding protein (IL18BP) can specifically interact with this cytokine, and thus negatively regulate its biological activity. IL-18 is an IL-1−like cytokine that requires cleavage with caspase-1 to become active, was found to increase IgE production in a CD4+ T cells-, IL-4− and STAT6−dependent fashion. IL-18 and T cell receptor−mediated stimulation could induce naïve CD4+ T cells to develop into IL-4−producing cells in vitro. Thus, caspase-1 and IL-18 may be critical in regulation of IgE production in vivo, providing a potential therapeutic target for allergic disorders. IL-18 production in primary synovial cultures and purified synovial fibroblasts was, in turn, upregulated by TNF-α and IL-1β, suggesting that monokine expression can feed back to promote Th1 cell development in synovial membrane. Besides, synergistic combinations of IL-18, IL-12, and IL-15 may be of importance in sustaining both Th1 responses and monokine production in RA.
Full Name
interleukin 18
References
  • Dinarello CA. (1999) IL-18: A TH1-inducing, proinflammatory cytokine and new member of the IL-1 family. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 103: 11-24.
  • Takeda K, et al.. (1998) Defective NK cell activity and Th1 response in IL-18-deficient mice. Immunity. 8(3): 383-90.
  • Gracie JA, et al.. (1999) A proinflammatory role for IL-18 in rheumatoid arthritis. J Clin Invest. 104(10): 1393-401.
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