Oligodendrocyte-myelin glycoprotein, also known as OMG and OMGP, is a cell membrane protein which contains eightLRR (leucine-rich) repeats. OMG / OMGP is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein expressed by neurons and oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system (CNS). OMG / OMGP is a cell adhesion molecule contributing to the interactive process required for myelination in the central nervous system. OMG / OMGP play roles in both the developing and adult central nervous system. OMG / OMGP participats in growth cone collapse and inhibition of neurite outgrowth through its interaction with NgR, the receptor for Nogo. This function requires its leucine-rich repeat domain, a highly conserved region in OMgp during mammal evolution. OMG / OMGP leucine-rich repeat domain is also implicated in the inhibition of cell proliferation. OMG / OMGP may also be involved in the formation and maintenance of myelin sheaths. Cell proliferation, neuronal sprouting and myelination are crucial processes involved in brain development and regeneration after injury.