Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor, also known asPIGR, is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamilyand aFc receptor. The ectodomain of this receptor consists of five units with homology to the variable units of immunoglobulins and a transmembrane region, which also has some homology to certain immunoglobulin variable regions. PIGR is expressed on several glandular epithelia including those of liver and breast. The deduced amino-acid sequence has a length of 764 residues and shows an overall similarity of 56% and 64% with the rabbit and rat counterpart. PIGR mediates transcellular transport of polymeric immunoglobulin molecules, and thus facilitates the secretion ofIgAandIgM. During this process, a cleavage occurs that separates the extracellular (known as the secretory component) from the transmembrane segment of PIGR.
polymeric immunoglobulin receptor
Coyne, R. S. et al., 1995, J. Biol. Chem. 269 (50) :31620-31625.
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