Mouse Prolactin Receptor HEK293 Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Mouse Prolactin Receptor overexpression lysate was created in HEK293 Cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of Prolactin Receptor protein (Cat: 50457-M08H) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the mouse PRLR (P07321) (Met1-Asp229) was expressed with a C-terminal polyhistidine tag.
The recombinant mouse PRLR comprises 221 amino acids and has a predicted molecular mass of 26 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of the protein is approximately 37 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions due to glycosylation.
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
Prolactin receptor (PRLR) is a single-pass transmembrane receptor belonging to the type â… cytokine receptor superfamily, and contains two fibronectin type-â…¢ domains. All class 1 ligands activate their respective receptors by clustering mechanisms. Ligand binding results in the transmembrane PRLR dimerization, followed by phosphorylation and activation of the molecules invloved in the signaling pathways, such as Jak-STAT, Ras/Raf/MAPK. The PRLR contains no intrinsic tyrosine kinase cytoplasmic domain but associates with a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase, JAK2. PRLR mainly serves as the receptor for the pituitary hormone prolactin (PRL), a secreted hormone that affects reproduction and homeostasis in vertebrates. PRLR can be regulated by an interplay of two different mechanisms, PRL or ovarian steroid hormones independently or in combination in a tissue-specific manner. The role of the hormone prolactin (PRL) in the pathogenesis of breast cancer is mediated by its cognate receptor (PRLR). Ubiquitin-dependent degradation of the PRLR that negatively regulates PRL signaling is triggered by PRL-mediated phosphorylation of PRLR on Ser349 followed by the recruitment of the beta-transducin repeats-containing protein (beta-TrCP) ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase. which altered PRLR stability may directly influence the pathogenesis of breast cancer.
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Li Y, et al. (2006) Stabilization of prolactin receptor in breast cancer cells. Oncogene. 25(13): 1896-902.
Shao R, et al. (2008) Differences in prolactin receptor (PRLR) in mouse and human fallopian tubes: evidence for multiple regulatory mechanisms controlling PRLR isoform expression in mice. Biol Reprod. 79(4): 748-57.
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