> 95 % as determined by SDS-PAGE
< 1.0 EU per μg of the protein as determined by the LAL method
Measured by the ability of the immobilized protein to support the adhesion of MS1 mouse pancreatic islet endothelial cells.
When cells are added to rat KIRREL3 coated plates (15 μg/mL, 100 μL/well), > 20% will adhere specifically after 90 minutes at 37 ℃.
A DNA sequence encoding the rat KIRREL3 (Q09GS6) (Met1-Ala523) was expressed with a polyhistidine tag at the C-terminus.
Predicted N Terminal
The recombinant rat KIRREL3 comprises 513 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 56.4 kDa. The apparent molecular mass of the recombinant protein is approximately 60-64 kDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions due to glycosylation.
Lyophilized from sterile PBS, pH 7.4
1. Normally 5 % - 8 % trehalose, mannitol and 0.01% Tween80 are added as protectants before lyophilization. Specific concentrations are included in the hardcopy of COA.
2. Please contact us
for any concerns or special requirements.Please refer to the specific buffer information in the hard copy of CoA.
In general, recombinant proteins are provided as lyophilized powder which are shipped at ambient temperature.
Bulk packages of recombinant proteins are provided as frozen liquid. They are shipped out with blue ice unless customers require otherwise.
Stability & Storage
Samples are stable for up to twelve months from date of receipt at -70℃
Store it under sterile conditions at -20℃ to -80℃. It is recommended that the protein be aliquoted for optimal storage. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
A hardcopy of COA with reconstitution instruction is sent along with the products. Please refer to it for detailed information.
Kin of IRRE-like protein 3 (KIRREL3) also known as nin of irregular chiasm-like protein 3 or nephrin-like protein 2 (NEPH2) is a member of the nephrin-like protein family of transmembrane proteins, which includes NEPH1 (KIRREL) and NEPH3 (KIRREL2). KIRREL3/NEPH2 is expressed in fetalv and adult brain, and also in podocytes of kidney glomeruli. The cytoplasmic domains of KIRREL3/NEPH2 interact with the C-terminus of podocin, also expressed in the podocytes, cells involved in ensuring size- and charge-selective ultrafiltration. Mutations in KIRREL3/NEPH2 are associated with mental retardation autosomal dominant type 4. KIRREL3/NEPH2 expression is turned on in migrating nucleogenesis of the pontine nucleus (PN) neurons only after they enter the presumptive nuclear region. KIRREL3/NEPH2 knockdown disrupted the nuclear organization of PN presumably by changing the migratory behavior of PN neurons inside the nuclear region. Moreover, overexpression of the cytoplasmic region of KIRREL3, which can sequester intracellular signaling of endogenous KIRREL3, resulted in similar phenotypes. Overall, these results suggest KIRREL3 is involved in the nucleogenesis of the PN through the control of neuronal migration inside the nucleus.
Bhalla K, et al. (2008) Alterations in CDH15 and KIRREL3 in patients with mild to severe intellectual disability. Am J Hum Genet. 83(6): 703-13.Gerke P, et al. (2005) NEPH2 is located at the glomerular slit diaphragm, interacts with nephrin and is cleaved from podocytes by metalloproteinases. J Am Soc Nephrol. 16(6): 1693-702.Gerke P, et al. (2006) Neuronal expression and interaction with the synaptic protein CASK suggest a role for Neph1 and Neph2 in synaptogenesis. J Comp Neurol. 498(4): 466-75.