Human DUSP3 Baculovirus-Insect cells Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human DUSP3 overexpression lysate was created in Baculovirus-Insect cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of DUSP3 protein (Cat: 10114-HNCB) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human VHR (P51452)(Met 1-Pro 185)was expressed and purified with two additional amino acids (Gly & Pro ) at the N-terminus.
The secreted recombinant human VHR consists of 187 amino acids and predicts a molecular mass of 20.6 KDa. The apparent molecular mass of the protein is approximately 21 KDa in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions due to glycosylation.
Human DUSP3 Baculovirus-Insect cells Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human DUSP3 Baculovirus-Insect cells Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human VHR Overexpression Lysate
DUSP3 Background Information
Vaccinia H1-related phosphatase (VHR) is classified as a dual-specificity phosphatase (DUSP), and the other name is dual-specificity phosphatase 3 (DUSP3). DUSPs are a heterogeneous group of protein phosphatases that can dephosphorylate both phosphotyrosine and phosphoserine/phosphothreonine residues within the one substrate. Unlike typical DUSPs, VHR lacks mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-binding domain, and shows poor activity against MAPKs. VHR often act on bisphosphorylated protein substrates, it displays a strong preference for dephosphorylating phosphotyrosine residues over phosphothreonine residues. VHR has been identified as a novel regulator of extracellular regulated kinases (ERKs). VHR is responsible for the rapid inactivation of ERK following stimulation and for its repression in quiescent cells. VHR is a negative regulator of the Erk and Jnk pathways in T cells and, therefore, may play a role in aspects of T lymphocyte physiology that depend on these kinases.
Todd J.L, et al. (1999) Extracellular regulated kinases (ERK) 1 and ERK2 are authentic substrates for the dual-specificity protein-tyrosine phosphatase VHR. A novel role in down-regulating the ERK pathway. J. Biol. Chem. 274: 13271-80.
Alonso A, et al. (2001) Inhibitory role for dual specificity phosphatase VHR in T cell antigen receptor and CD28-induced Erk and Jnk activation. J Biol Chem. 276(7): 4766-71.
Schumacher MA, et al. (2002) Structural basis for the recognition of a bisphosphorylated MAP kinase peptide by human VHR protein Phosphatase. Biochemistry. 41(9): 3009-17.
Patterson KI, et al. (2009) Dual-specificity phosphatases: critical regulators with diverse cellular targets. Biochem J. 2009 Mar 15;418(3): 475-89.
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