Human AK3L1 Baculovirus-Insect cells Overexpression Lysate: Product Information
This Human AK3L1 overexpression lysate was created in Baculovirus-Insect cells and intented for use as a Western blot (WB) positive control. Purification of AK3L1 protein (Cat: 12406-H20B) from the overexpression lysate was verified.
A DNA sequence encoding the human AK4 (P27144-1) (Ala 2-Tyr 223) was fused with the N-terminal polyhistidine-tagged GST tag at the N-terminus.
The recombinant human AK4/GST chimera consists of 460 amino acids and has a calculated molecular mass of 53 kDa. It migrates as an approximately 46 kDa band in SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Human AK3L1 Baculovirus-Insect cells Overexpression Lysate: Usage Guide
Cell lysate was prepared by homogenization of the over-expressed cells in ice-cold modified RIPA Lysis Buffer with cocktail of protease inhibitors (Sigma). Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by Bradford assay (Bio-Rad protein assay, Microplate Standard assay). The cell lysate was boiled for 5 min in 1 x SDS loading buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 6.8, 12.5% glycerol, 1% sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.01% bromophenol blue) containing 5% b-mercaptoethanol, and lyophilized.
1. Centrifuge the tube for a few seconds and ensure the pellet at the bottom of the tube.
2. Re-dissolve the pellet using 200μL pure water and boil for 2-5 min.
1 X Sample Buffer (1 X modified RIPA buffer+1 X SDS loading buffer).
Stability & Storage
Store at 4℃ for up to twelve months from date of receipt. After re-dissolution, aliquot and store at -80℃ for up to twelve months. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
Western Blot (WB) Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the end user.
Human AK3L1 Baculovirus-Insect cells Overexpression Lysate: Alternative Names
Human AK3 Overexpression Lysate; Human AK3L1 Overexpression Lysate; Human AK3L2 Overexpression Lysate; Human AK4 Overexpression Lysate
AK3L1 Background Information
Adenylate kinase isoenzyme 4, mitochondrial, also known as ATP-AMP transphosphorylase, Adenylate kinase 3-like, AK4 and AK3L1, is a member theadenylate kinase family. AK4 / AK3L1 is localized to the mitochondrial matrix. Adenylate kinases regulate the adenine and guanine nucleotide compositions within a cell by catalyzing the reversible transfer of phosphate group among these nucleotides. Five isozymes of adenylate kinase have been identified in vertebrates. Expression of these isozymes is tissue-specific and developmentally regulated. AK4 / AK3L1 catalyzes the reversible transfer of the terminal phosphate group between ATP and AMP. It may also be active with GTP. Adenylate kinase 4 ( AK4 / AK3L1 ) is a unique member with no enzymatic activity in the adenylate kinase (AK) family although it shares high sequence homology with other AKs. It remains unclear what physiological function AK4 might play or why it is enzymatically inactive. AK4 / AK3L1 retains the capability of binding nucleotides. It has a glutamine residue instead of a key arginine residue in the active site well conserved in other AKs. The enzymatically inactive AK4 is a stress responsive protein critical to cell survival and proliferation. AK4 / AK3L1 is likely that the interaction with the mitochondrial inner membrane protein ANT is important for AK4 to exert the protective benefits to cells under stress. AK4 / AK3L1 also acts on the specific mechanism of energy metabolism rather than control of the homeostasis of the ADP pool ubiquitously.
adenylate kinase 4
Xu G., et al.,(1992), Characterization of human adenylate kinase 3 (AK3) cDNA and mapping of the AK3 pseudogene to an intron of the NF1 gene. Genomics 13:537-542.
Gregory S.G., et al., (2006), The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1.Nature 441:315-321.
Ota T., et al.,(2004), Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs.Nat. Genet. 36:40-45.
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