EphB1: EphB1 Protein | EphB1 Antibody

EphB1 Gene family

EphB1 Background

Ephrin type-B receptor 1, also known as EphB1, belongs to the ephrin receptor subfamily of the protein-tyrosine kinase family which 16 known receptors (14 found in mammals) are involved: EPHA1, EPHA2, EPHA3, EPHA4, EPHA5, EPHA6, EPHA7, EPHA8, EPHA9, EPHA1, EPHB1, EPHB2, EPHB3, EPHB4, EPHB5, EPHB6. EphB2 receptor tyrosine kinase phosphorylates syndecan-2 and that this phosphorylation event is crucial for syndecan-2 clustering and spine formation. The Eph family of receptor tyrosine kinases (comprising EphA and EphB receptors) has been implicated in synapse formation and the regulation of synaptic function and plasticity6. Ephrin receptors are components of cell signalling pathways involved in animal growth and development, forming the largest sub-family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). Ligand-mediated activation of Ephs induce various important downstream effects and Eph receptors have been studied for their potential roles in the development of cancer. EphB receptor tyrosine kinases are enriched at synapses, suggesting that these receptors play a role in synapse formation or function. We find that EphrinB binding to EphB induces a direct interaction of EphB with NMDA-type glutamate receptors. This interaction occurs at the cell surface and is mediated by the extracellular regions of the two receptors, but does not require the kinase activity of EphB.

Reference for EphB1

  • Dalva MB, et al. (2000) EphB receptors interact with NMDA receptors and regulate excitatory synapse formation. Cell. 103(6): 945-56.
  • Takasu MA, et al. (2002) Modulation of NMDA receptor-dependent calcium influx and gene expression through EphB receptors. Science. 295(5554): 491-5.
  • Adams RH, et al. (1999) Roles of ephrinB ligands and EphB receptors in cardiovascular development: demarcation of arterial/venous domains, vascular morphogenesis, and sprouting angiogenesis. Genes Dev. 13(3): 295-306.

EphB1 Protein

EphB1 protein function

Receptor tyrosine kinase which binds promiscuously transmembrane ephrin-B family ligands residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. Cognate/functional ephrin ligands for this receptor include EFNB1, EFNB2 and EFNB3. During nervous system development, regulates retinal axon guidance redirecting ipsilaterally ventrotemporal retinal ganglion cells axons at the optic chiasm midline. This probably requires repulsive interaction with EFNB2. In the adult nervous system together with EFNB3, regulates chemotaxis, proliferation and polarity of the hippocampus neural progenitors. In addition to its role in axon guidance plays also an important redundant role with other ephrin-B receptors in development and maturation of dendritic spines and synapse formation. May also regulate angiogenesis. More generally, may play a role in targeted cell migration and adhesion. Upon activation by EFNB1 and probably other ephrin-B ligands activates the MAPK/ERK and the JNK signaling cascades to regulate cell migration and adhesion respectively. Involved in the maintenance of the pool of satellite cells (muscle stem cells) by promoting their self-renewal and reducing their activation and differentiation (By similarity). {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:Q8CBF3, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12223469, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12925710, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18034775, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9430661, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9499402}.

EphB1 protein expression

Tissue specificity

Preferentially expressed in brain.

EphB1 protein sequence

This sequence information is just for reference only.From Uniport

  • Length
    984.00
  • Mass (Da)
    109.00

EphB1 Antibody

There are 2 EphB1 antibodies which are validated in multiple tissues with various applications, including ELISA. There are 2 EphB1 antibody for ELISA. Among all these EphB1 antibodies, there are 1 anti-EphB1 rabbit monoclonal antibodies , 1 anti-EphB1 rabbit polyclonal antibodies . All the EphB1 anbodies are produced in house and all are in stock. EphB1 antibody customerized service is available.

EphB1 Gene

EphB1 gene / cDNA is a protein-coding gene which located on 3q22.2. The EPHB1 gene is conserved in chimpanzee, Rhesus monkey, dog, cow, mouse, rat, chicken, zebrafish, fruit fly, mosquito, and frog.181 organisms have orthologs with human gene EPHB1.