快速訂購

CD55/DAF  Protein, Antibody, ELISA Kit, cDNA Clone

描述: Active  
表達宿主: Human Cells  
10101-H08H-50
10101-H08H-100
50 µg 
100 µg 
Add to Cart
  • Slide 1
描述: Active  
表達宿主: Human Cells  
10101-H02H-50
10101-H02H-100
50 µg 
100 µg 
Add to Cart
  • Slide 1
表達宿主: Human Cells  
50468-M08H-50
50468-M08H-100
50 µg 
100 µg 
Add to Cart
  • Slide 1
表達宿主: Human Cells  
80317-R02H-50
80317-R02H-100
50 µg 
100 µg 
Add to Cart
  • Slide 1

CD55/DAF 相关研究领域

CD55/DAF 相關信號通路

CD55/DAF 概述&蛋白信息

CD55/DAF 研究背景

基因概述: CD55 gene encodes a protein involved in the regulation of the complement cascade. The encoded glycoprotein is also known as the decay-accelerating factor (DAF); binding of CD55 to complement proteins accelerates their decay, disrupting the cascade and preventing damage to host cells. Antigens present on the CD55 glycoprotein constitute the Cromer blood group system (CROM). Two alternatively spliced transcripts encoding different proteins have been identified. The predominant transcript encodes a membrane-bound protein expressed on cells exposed to plasma component proteins but an alternatively spliced transcript produces a soluble protein present at much lower levels. Additional, alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their biological validity has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
General information above from NCBI
亞單位結構: Monomer (major form) and non-disulfide-linked, covalent homodimer (minor form). Binds to coxsackievirus A21, coxsackieviruses B1, B3 and B5, human enterovirus 70, human echoviruses 6, 7, 11, 12, 20 and 21 capsid proteins and acts as a receptor for these viruses. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:1377029}.
結構域: The first Sushi domain (SCR1) is not necessary for function. SCR2 and SCR4 provide the proper conformation for the active site on SCR3 (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.
亞細胞定位: Isoform 1: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.; Isoform 2: Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor.; Isoform 3: Secreted {ECO:0000269|PubMed:16503113}.; Isoform 4: Secreted {ECO:0000269|PubMed:16503113}.; Isoform 5: Secreted {ECO:0000269|PubMed:16503113}.; Isoform 6: Cell membrane {ECO:0000305|PubMed:16503113}; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor {ECO:0000305|PubMed:16503113}.; Isoform 7: Cell membrane {ECO:0000305|PubMed:16503113}; Lipid-anchor, GPI-anchor {ECO:0000305|PubMed:16503113}.
組織特異性: Expressed on the plasma membranes of all cell types that are in intimate contact with plasma complement proteins. It is also found on the surfaces of epithelial cells lining extracellular compartments, and variants of the molecule are present in body fluids and in extracellular matrix.
翻譯後修飾: The Ser/Thr-rich domain is heavily O-glycosylated. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:19159218}.
相似的序列: Belongs to the receptors of complement activation (RCA) family. {ECO:0000305}.; Contains 4 Sushi (CCP/SCR) domains. {ECO:0000255|PROSITE-ProRule:PRU00302}.
General information above from UniProt

CD55, also well known as decay-accelerating factor (DAF), is a member of the RCA (regulators of complement activation) family characterized by four to 30 SCRs (short consensus repeats) in their plasma-exposed regions. It is a major regulator of the alternative and classical pathways of complement activation and is expressed on all serum-exposed cells. CD55 is physiologically acting as an inhibitor of the complement system, but is also broadly expressed in malignant tumours. DAF seems to exert different functions beyond its immunological role such as promotion of tumorigenesis, decrease of complement mediated tumor cell lysis, autocrine loops for cell rescue and evasion of apoptosis, neoangiogenesis, invasiveness, cell motility. It is commonly hijacked by invading pathogens, including many enteroviruses and uropathogenic Escherichia coli, to promote cellular attachment prior to infection. This 70-75 kDa glycoprotein CD55 containing four SCR modules is involved in the regulation of the complement cascade. It inhibits complement activation by suppressing the function of C3/C5 convertases, thereby limiting local generation or deposition of C3a/C5a and membrane attack complex (MAC or C5b-9) production. DAF has been identified as a ligand for an activation-associated, seven-transmembrane lymphocyte receptor, CD97, which is a receptor mediating attachment and infection of several viruses and bacteria. In addition, it has been shown that DAF regulates the interplay between complement and T cell immunity in vivo, and thus may be implicated in immune and tumor biology.

CD55/DAF 別稱

CD55/DAF 相關文獻

  • Lea S. (2002) Interactions of CD55 with non-complement ligands. Biochem Soc Trans. 30(Pt 6): 1014-9.
  • Mikesch JH, et al. (2006) The expression and action of decay-accelerating factor (CD55) in human malignancies and cancer therapy. Cell Oncol. 28(5-6): 223-32.
  • Wang Y, et al. (2010) Decay accelerating factor (CD55) protects neuronal cells from chemical hypoxia-induced injury. J Neuroinflammation. 7:24.
  • 請注意:所有產品都是“僅用於科研,而不能用於診斷或治療用途”